Some of the material in is restricted to members of the community. By logging in, you may be able to gain additional access to certain collections or items. If you have questions about access or logging in, please use the form on the Contact Page.

The study of periods arose in number theory and algebraic geometry, periods are interesting transcendental numbers like multiple zeta values, on the other hand periods are integrals of algebraic differential forms over domains described by algebraic relations. Viewed as abstract periods, we also consider their relations with motives. In this work, we consider two problems in mathematical physics as applications of the ideas and tools from periods and motives. We first consider the algebro-geometric approach to the spectral theory of Harper operators in solid state physics. When the parameters are irrational, the compactification of its Bloch variety is an ind-pro-variety, which is a Cantor-like geometric space and it is compatible with the picture of Hofstadter butterfly. On each approximating component the density of states of the electronic model can be expressed in terms of period integrals over Fermi curves, which can be explicitly computed as elliptic integrals or periods of elliptic curves. The above density of states satisfies a Picard-Fuchs equation, whose solutions are generally given by hypergeometric functions. We use the idea of mirror maps as in mirror symmetry of elliptic curves to derive a q-expansion for the energy level based on the Picard-Fuchs equation. In addition, formal spectral functions such as the partition function are derived as new period integrals. Secondly, we consider generalized Feynman diagram evaluations of an effective noncommutative field theory of the Ponzano-Regge model coupled with matter in loop quantum gravity. We present a parametric representation in a linear k-approximation of the effective field theory derived from a k-deformation of the Ponzano-Regge model and define a generalized Kirchhoff polynomial with k-correction terms. Setting k equal to 1, we verify that the number of points of the corresponding hypersurface of the tetrahedron over finite fields does not fit polynomials with integer coefficients by computer calculations. We then conclude that the hypersurface of the tetrahedron is not polynomially countable, which possibly implies that the hypersurface of the tetrahedron as a motive is not mixed Tate.

A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Mathematics in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.

Bibliography Note

Includes bibliographical references.

Advisory Committee

Matilde Marcolli, Professor Directing Dissertation; Laura Reina, University Representative; Paolo Aluﬃ, Committee Member; Amod Agashe, Committee Member; Ettore Aldrovandi, Committee Member.

Publisher

Florida State University

Identifier

FSU_migr_etd-5390

Use and Reproduction

This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s). The copyright in theses and dissertations completed at Florida State University is held by the students who author them.